Underdevelopment ozoigbo bonaventure ikechukwu abstract: the urge for the development of the african continent immediately after independence pushed the immediate post-colonial african leaders into experimenting different kinds of developmental systems some of these leaders copied the western systems in. Underdevelopment is not a condition natural to the african continent but is an off shoot of the greedy nature of the western capitalist nations who have monopolized and dominated world environmental resources. Essay underdevelopment of africa 635 words 3 pages underdevelopment of africa underdevelopment in africa is a problem that has been plaguing the countries all over the continent for a very long time.
I think that colonialism contributed in a variety of ways to the economic underdevelopment of many nations and continents africa was one very powerful case, though. In the classical paper, ‘’underdevelopment and dependence in black africa - origins and contemporary forms’’, samir amin discusses the different perceptions of africa and the effects of colonialism on its history. History of africa’s underdevelopment may be traceable to the atlantic slave trade and colonialism, african leaders had made enormous contributions to the continent’s underdevelopment and backwardness. The continent of africa has constantly drawn global attention, most especially for both human and natural evils underdevelopment, it appears, is one of the most eminent threatening evils it has plunged and promises to maintain the majority of africa in abject poverty, insecurity, and vulnerability.
Rodney compiled how europe underdeveloped africa from extensive archival research systematically identifying causes and outcome of the historical turbulence on the african continent in doing so he identified the world capitalist system, both mercantile and modern, as the principal agency of underdevelopment of the african continent for over. Neo-colonialism is a direct control of an independent nation by another country which is more powerful economically, socially and military, hence neo-colonialism is the method that the former colonial masters planned in order to continue exploiting their former colonies after they got their political independence. Many scholars have attributed the economic and developmental state of the african continent to a number of factors including colonialism, poverty, poor leadership, illiteracy, war and ethnic rivalry. The main instance of internal colonisation within the african continent was the bantu migration ancient and medieval have used it as a narrative for their work on the colonisation of africa ‘post colonialism can be described as a powerful interdisciplinary mood in the social sciences and humanities that is refocusing attention on the. Causes of underdevelopment in africa slavery and slave trade slave trade of the 16th to 19th century deprived africa of valuable manpower that would have been channeled towards the development of the continent.
Presidential democracies and the consequent political turmoil on the african continent all of which aide and accentuate african enslavement to the but the post colonial africa is witnessing increasing extinction and ideologies’ role in africa’s political underdevelopment maduabuchi dukor nnamdi azikiwe university, awka. The underdevelopment of africa by europe enlarge image what caused africa’s underdevelopment is a complex issue europe’s past (and present) exploitation of africa played a significant part by the time that africa had escaped the shackles of the slave trade and entered the colonial era, its main export was raw cotton yet its. Africa as a continent is very unstable at the moment, housing dictators, civil wars and genocides (eg rwanda) this is down to the post-colonial governments set up after the european masters left.
In africa, there was hardly no part of the continent that was under the jurisdiction of a sovereign and or recognized ruler as this was demonstrated when the act of occupation and conquest and colonialism was vigorously resisted by the local people. Economic underdevelopment in africa “in contrast with the surging growth of the countries in the socialist camp, the majority of the capitalist countries, is the unquestionable fact that a large proportion of the so-called underdeveloped countries are in total stagnation. Neo- colonialism is the economic control or political influence that one country has over another country, especially by having control of its businesses or financial institutions 11 at the 1961 all african people’s conference in cairo, neo-colonialism was defined as “the survival of the colonial system in spite of the formal recognition.
The african continent has witnessed series of political instability ranging from military takeover to civil wars etc these political disorders have widely affected the development process of africa, thus enhancing the underdevelopment of africa. Karl max submits that underdevelopment is as a result of european imperialism, which further underdeveloped the already disadvantageous continent, the integration of colonial economy as an appendage to the mother country can be regarded as a process of under-developing the underdeveloped.
Examines colonialism and its edifices in africa and section four examines the structures of neocolonialism and the various avenues to perpetually entrench underdevelopment in third world countries. How europe underdeveloped africa walter rodney 1973 walter rodney 1973 how europe underdeveloped africa 61 the supposed benefits of colonialism to africa 62 negative character of the social, political and economic underdevelopment of africa over the last five centuries. Underdevelopment of african continent and finally proposes ways forward for the continent of africa encompassing strong institutions, culture and development, transfer of technology and african countries the end of colonialism, most parts of africa is still fighting with problems such as high poverty rate, corruption.