The west indian manatee (trichechus manatus) or sea cow, also known as american manatee, is the largest surviving member of the aquatic mammal order sirenia (which also includes the dugong and the extinct steller's sea cow. The antillean subspecies of the west indian manatee (hereafter the west indian manatee) is one of the most charismatic marine species in the caribbean and is classified as “endangered” on the iucn red list. By tracking the movements of individual manatees through their aquatic environment, fwc biologists obtain valuable information about manatee seasonal and daily movements, migratory behavior, site fidelity, diving behavior, and habitat requirements.
A historical review of records of the west indian manatee and the american crocodile in the dutch antilles - free download as pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online for free. The west indian manatee, trichechus manatus, is an endangered species protected by federal, state, and even some local legislation yet, its survival is in jeopardy throughout its range due to high. West indian manatee mommy - the largest surviving member of the sirenia order of mammals, which are thought to be divided into two or three subspecies of those subspecies, the florida manatee and the antillean manatee are both listed as endangered.
The west indian manatee ranges from northern south america to the southeastern united states, including trinidad and the greater antilles normally is not found in the lesser antilles temperature constraints restrict the dispersal of the species between the northern and southern 24oc isotherms (whitehead 1977. West indian manatee in honduras 305 (a) (b) fig 3 (a) detachable harpoon head, fashioned from a triangular steel file the 115 cm long head is fitted on the end of a 25 m long wooden shaft. The west indian manatee is also protected by the florida manatee sanctuary act of 1978, the manatee recovery plan, and the save the manatee club however, in april 2007, the us fish and wildlife service announced that the west indian manatee population of florida had rebounded. The manatee' lives in the rivers of west africa, the amazon and orinoco of the new world, the coast and rivers of northeastern south america, the west indies. That’s because west indian manatees are protected by the manatee sanctuary act, which states that it’s against the law for “any person at any time, by any means, or in any manner.
The west indian manatee is related to the west african manatee, the amazonian manatee, the dugong, and steller’s sea cow, which was hunted to extinction in 1768 the average adult manatee is about 10 feet long and weighs between 800 and 1,200 pounds. Distribution and habitat as its name implies, the west indian manatee lives in the west indies, or caribbean, generally in shallow coastal areashowever, it is known to withstand large changes in water salinity, so has also been found in shallow rivers and estuariesit can live in fresh, brackish, and saline water. The west indian manatee (trichechus manatus) is a vulnerable (vu) taxon according to the iucn red list categories and criteria the species is also included under appendix i of cites, and categorized as critically endangered in the most recent edition of the red book of the venezuelan fauna (ojasti and lacabana 2008. Internal parasites of the two subspecies of the west indian manatee trichechus manatus the west indian manatee trichechus manatus is divided into 2 subspecies: the antillean (t m manatus) and florida (t m latirostris) manatees.
The west indian manatee is one of three species in the family trichechidae linnaeus • document seasonal use and evaluate the relationship between manatee reports and actual population size to determine manatee use areas in the northern portion of the range. Trichechus manatus manatus conservation of the antillean manatee at the regional level has been driven by the spaw protocol to the cartagena convention (freestone 1991), resulting in the regional management plan for the west indian manatee, trichechus manatus (unep 1995) in all countries with extant populations there is protective legislation. The west indian manatee is native to cuba, puerto rico, hispaniola, and jamaica, and the antillean subspecies enjoy the warm waters of the caribbean due to their lack of insulating body fat and low metabolism.
Lefebvre lw, marmontel m, reid jp, rathbun gb, domning dp (2001) status and biogeography of the west indian manatee in: woods ca, sergi fe (eds) biogeography of the west indies, patterns and perspectives, 2nd edn. The west indian manatee is listed as endangered throughout its range under both the endangered species act of 1973 as amended (16 usc 1531) and the south carolina nongame and endangered species conservation act. The northern manatee tee, specifically, the northern manatee, better known as the west indies or west indianmanatee the scientific name of the northern manatee is trichechus manatus. The west indian manatee (trichechus manatus) is found in coastal and riverine areas of north america, central america, and south america and in islands in the caribbean basin two.
Circumstantial evidence for the presence of monk seals in the west indies i l boyd and m p stanfield based on interviews with 93 fishermen in northern haiti and jamaica during 1997 an. Distribution, status, and tradi- the island of carriacou in the southern grenadines tional significance of the west indian manatee tri- and a report on the most important of these: grand chechus manatus in venezuela. Caribbean manatee (n) 1 ( mesh ) member of the genus trichechus inhabiting the coast and coastal rivers of the southeastern united states as well as the west indies and the adjacent mainland from vera cruz, mexico to northern south america. Where found: as its name implies, the west indian manatee lives in the west indies, generally in shallow coastal areas however, it is known to withstand large changes in water salinity, and so have also been found in shallow rivers and estuaries.